3 edition of The poll tax in the South. found in the catalog.
The poll tax in the South.
Frederic D. Ogden
|LC Classifications||HJ4931.A13 O4|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 301 p.|
|Number of Pages||301|
|LC Control Number||58008773|
Poll Power is a necessary source for anyone wishing to know more about the inner-workings and financial underpinnings of voter registration efforts in the South.”-- Arkansas Historical Quarterly "In this innovative study, Faulkenbury goes behind the scenes to elucidate the relationship between the civil rights movement and philanthropic. A poll tax is a uniform per capita tax levied upon a specified class of people often made a requirement for the right to vote. In Arkansas, use of a poll tax was as old as the state itself. Arkansas’s first state constitution, adopted in , authorized the imposition of a poll tax to be used for county purposes, and a subsequent state statute authorized county courts to collect a poll tax.
The Poll, (Capitation, Head, Direct), tax was/is discriminatory because it is a tax levied directly on the person. A wealthy person could easily afford it where a poor person could barely afford. Poll taxes, which charged voters $1 to $2 ($7 to $15 today) to register to vote, emerged in the South after the Civil War as a way to prevent the poor, and particularly African Americans, from participating in combination with literacy tests, "whites-only Democratic Party primaries," and onerous rules about when and how to pay the poll tax, these laws resulted in a sharp drop-off Author: Lydia Saad.
Yes, poll tax might have originated in Alabama. The poll taxes came out of the South during Reconstruction as a way of keeping poor people - particularly poor black people - from voting. So Connor Sheets writing in The Guardian: "Randi Lynn Williams assumes she will never be able to afford to vote again." Opening sentence. Some counties continued listing employers until the s; others dropped the practice in the s. After the Civil War, the poll tax was used as a complex legal device to disenfranchise African-Americans. (For the role of the poll tax in this region in the twentieth century, see The Poll Tax in the South, University of Alabama Press, ).
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This study was undertaken to find out what the poll tax is and how it operates, and to present an objective, factual analysis of the tax as a voting prerequisite.
The purpose was to give a complete picture of the tax in the eleven former Confederate States, the states where poll tax payment has been a voting requirement in this century.
The tax has long been attacked as being an unfair burden upon those less able to pay. In the United States, the poll tax has been connected with voting rights. Poll taxes enacted in Southern states between and had the effect of disenfranchising many blacks as well as poor whites, because payment of the tax was a prerequisite for voting.
A poll tax is a tax levied as a fixed sum on every liable individual. Although often associated with states of the former Confederate States of America, poll taxes were also in place in some northern and western states, including California, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont and Wisconsin.
Poll taxes had been a major source of government. The Community Charge, commonly known as the poll tax, was a system of taxation introduced in replacement of domestic rates in Scotland fromprior to its introduction in England and Wales from It provided for a single flat-rate per-capita tax on every adult, at a rate set by the local authority.
The charge was replaced by Council Tax intwo years after its abolition was announced. Get this from a library. The poll tax in the South. [Frederic D Ogden] -- "Originally submitted as a doctoral dissertation at the Johns Hopkins University." Bibliographical footnotes.
Suffrage in the South – Part I: The Poll Tax by George C. Stoney, an article in Survey Graphic, January 1, Editor’s Note: George C.
Stoney, a dean of American documentary film and a leader of the The poll tax in the South. book movement that gave every American the right to a public-access television show of his or her own, died on J at his home in Manhattan. A poll or head tax is one imposed equally on all adults at the time of voting and is not affected by property ownership or income.
The poll tax was used in the South during and after Reconstruction as a means of circumventing the 14th Amendment and denying civil rights to black s. This form of taxation gradually fell out of favor in the South in the midth century, but it was not until the.
Her daughter, author Charlene Butts Ligon, is keeping her story alive in her book Fearless: How a poor Virginia seamstress took on Jim Crow, beat the poll tax and changed her city forever. Poll taxes emerged as part of a package of laws throughout the post–Reconstruction South in the late s and early s and were used as a technique by.
up scores of Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul, most of whom were later murdered. What followed is still bitterly contested. According to the official Turkish version, perhapsArmenians died, some while fighting alongside invading Russians against Ottoman forces and others as a regrettable side-effect of deportations that were understandable in the context of the times.
Access-restricted-item true Addeddate Bookplateleaf Boxid IA Donor bostonpubliclibrary External-identifierPages: The south should be treated with kindness and justice- in an attempt to mend the division between North and South What was the purpose of the poll tax To prevent African Americans from voting.
Proof of payment of a poll tax was a prerequisite to voter registration in Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia (), North and South Carolina, Virginia (until and again from with its new constitution), and Texas ().
The Texas poll tax "required otherwise eligible voters to pay between $ and. Poll tax, in English history, a tax of a uniform amount levied on each individual, or “head.” Of the poll taxes in English history, the most famous was the one levied ina main cause of the Peasants’ Revolt ofled by Wat the United States, most discussion of the poll tax has centred on its use as a mechanism of voter suppression directed originally at African.
The gripping inside story of the biggest mass movement in British history, which at its peak involved over 17 million people. Using a combination of photos, text, and graphics, and drawing from the voices of activists and non-payers, it describes the everyday organization of local anti-poll tax groups and chronicles the demonstrations and riots leading up to the battle of/5.
This is an extract from some work that I have doing with Jac St John, with assistance from the Special Branch Files project and via this project, journalist Solomon Hughes. The community charge, better known as the ‘Poll Tax’, was introduced by the Thatcher Government as an ideological reform of local council rates, which led.
Between and11 states in the South adopted the poll tax. The Virginia constitutional convention was held in part to figure out a Author: Marie Albiges.
At a constitutional convention in South Carolina inthe former governor and then U.S. Senator Benjamin R. Tillman, according to Frederic D. Ogden’s book The Poll Tax in the South.
Access to society journal content varies across our titles. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this : M.R.
Merrill. Southern states enacted poll taxes of one or two dollars per year between and as a prerequisite to voting. A citizen paid the tax when registering and then annually thereafter; some laws. of the poll tax in Virginia's suffrage history. Since the Virginia Negro was the object of the constitutional _provisions adopted inattention is also given to the effects of the poll tax on the Negro and his efforts to regain a voice in politics.
Other historians have. A poll tax is generally considered a fee paid for the right to vote. And while the poll tax is most often associated with suppressing the African American vote during the s, those in power Author: Kelly Phillips Erb. The Carr family poll tax receipt will likely go on view in the new museum (which opens on Septem ) some time in and until then will become available online.
Pretzer says such Author: Allison Keyes.The bulk of the records are from the Colonial and Revolutionary War eras, but some lists date from as late as Each set of tax records includes slightly different information. References to “polls” below relate to poll taxes, a tax of a fixed amount levied on adult .